Many people provided valuable insight, feedback, and assistance with this work.

We are indebted to Mamie Rheingold for initial background interviews and research during the course of this project.

Also many  thanks to Elizabeth Goodman, Allison Woodruff, Genevieve Bell, and Jill Miller


In the technical sense, flotsam and jetsam have different meanings. Flotsam is the part of the wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the water. Jetsam is cargo or parts of a ship that are deliberately thrown overboard, as to lighten the ship in an emergency, and that subsequently either sinks or is washed ashore. (While we're on the subject, we might as well mention lagan, which is goods thrown into the sea but attached to a buoy so they can be recovered.) The common phrase flotsam and jetsam is used to refer to the entire residue of a shipwreck, and is not redundant.


Found Magazine


RFID being used in trashbins

Towards Trash That Thinks


Berlin gets talking trashcans

18,000 Smart Trashcans in Barcelona

Sidewalk Economies in San Francisco by Conrad Bakker

Barcode Trashbin tracks every object thrown in

Moving Bins and Benches

Intolerable Beauty - Portraits of American Mass Consumption by Chris Jordan

Big Belly

Daily Serving

Trashcan Art in San Francisco

Greyworlds Mobile Trashbins in the UK

Bomb Resistant Trashcans


Urban Atmospheres at Intel Research